They had no bread so God gave them manna each morning. When all the leaders of the congregation came and told Moses, then he said to them, 'This is what the Lord meant: Tomorrow is a sabbath observance, a holy sabbath to the Lord. Bake what you will bake and boil what you will boil, and all that is left over put aside to be kept until morning.
And Moses said, 'Eat it today, for today is a sabbath to the Lord; today you will not find it in the field. Six days you shall gather it, but on the seventh day, the sabbath there will be none'. And it came about on the seventh day that some of the people went out to gather, but they found none. See, the Lord has given you the sabbath, therefore He gives you bread for two days on the sixth day.
Remain every man in his place; let no man go out of his place on the seventh day. From this reading we can see that Israel knew nothing about a sabbath before this event. This was the first time God had given the command to rest on the seventh day. A short while later Israel gathered at Mt. Sinai where God gave the Law. There God told them about the sabbath: "Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days you shall labor and do all your work, but the seventh day is a sabbath of the Lord your God; in it you shall not do any work, you or your son or your daughter, your male or your female servant or your cattle or your sojourner who stays with you.
Question and Answer
For in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth, the sea and all that is in them, and rested on the seventh day; therefore the Lord blessed the sabbath day and made it holy. Many centuries later Nehemiah recorded this prayer: "Then Thou didst come down on Mount Sinai, And didst speak with them from heaven; Thou didst give to them just ordinances and true laws, good statutes and commandments.
So Thou didst make known to them Thy holy sabbath, And didst lay down for them commandments, statutes, and law, Through thy servant Moses. It was not given to other peoples and was not given before Sinai. God gave this Commandment only to Israel.
No other people were present at Sinai. The Lord did not make this covenant with our fathers, but with us, with all those of us alive here today. Here is how he gave the sabbath command: "Six days you shall labor and do all your work, but the seventh day is a sabbath of the Lord your God; in it you shall not do any work, you or your son or your daughter or your male servant or your female servant or your ox or your donkey or any of your cattle or your sojourner who stays with you, so that your male and female servant may rest as well as you.
And you shall remember that you were a slave in the land of Egypt and the Lord your God brought you out of there by a mighty hand and by an outstretched arm; therefore the Lord your God commanded you to observe the sabbath day. God gave the sabbath to them because they had been slaves in Egypt. This is made even clearer by what God said in Exodus So the sons of Israel shall observe the sabbath, to celebrate the sabbath throughout their generations as a perpetual covenant.
It is a sign between me and the sons of Israel forever. We also found that God commanded the Jews to rest, do no cooking, and build no fires on the sabbath. These commands worked well in a country with as mild a climate as Canaan, but they would be almost impossible to apply in countries with severely cold winters.
To build no fires in winter would bring certain death in the colder countries.
Thus the sabbath law was suited to Israel but not to all the peoples of the world. It was not intended for all people.
The Sabbath Day is Wrong
It was given to Israel only. Jeremiah wrote: "'Behold, days are coming,' declares the Lord, 'when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah, not like the covenant which I made with their fathers in the day I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt. However, God does not have two covenants for the same people at the same time. Therefore the first covenant was taken away.
The first covenant the Law of Moses was taken away when Jesus died on the cross. In Colossians it is specifically stated that the sabbath day was taken away. Let us read:. When He had disarmed the rulers and authorities, He made a public display of them, having triumphed over them through Him.
Therefore let no one act as your judge in regard to food or drink or in respect to a festival or a new moon or a Sabbath day —things which are a mere shadow of what is to come; but the substance belongs to Christ. The underlined words tell us that Jesus took the Law out of the way when He died on the cross.
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Since it is no longer God's law we must not let any man judge us by it—that is, tell us we must not eat pork, must keep the feast days, and must rest on the sabbath. These things were given as shadows types of what was to come. We now have Christ and the New Covenant—the substance not the shadow.
God rested from His work of creation on the seventh day Genesis The Jew was commanded to rest on the seventh day of every week. This sabbath rest was a shadow of our final rest in heaven. Hebrews says, "There remains therefore a Sabbath rest for the people of God. For the one who has entered His rest has himself also rested from his works, as God did from His.
Let us therefore he diligent to enter that rest, lest anyone fall through following the same example of disobedience. This means that when the faithful Christian gets to heaven he will rest from his works on earth the way God has rested from creating the world.
Since the way into heaven has been made clear through the blood of Jesus, the shadow is no longer to be kept. We now are waiting for the substance—heaven itself. Jesus was raised from the dead on the first day of the week Mark After He was raised from the dead He met with His disciples on the first day of the week John , The Holy Spirit fell on the apostles on the first day of the week Acts —the day of Pentecost always fell on the first day of the week—Leviticus When the Holy Spirit came, the church began.
Therefore the church of Christ, the kingdom of God, began on earth on the first day of the week. In 1 Corinthians Paul gave the brethren at Corinth instructions about collecting money for the poor saints at Jerusalem. They were gathering money together so Paul and others could take it to Jerusalem. Here is what he wrote to them:. Matthew - Whatever you want men to do to you, do also to them, for this is the Law and the Prophets.
Matthew - On these two commandments hang all the Law and the Prophets. So all the teaching of the Old Testament rests on love fore God and for others, because proper love leads to obedience to all God's commands.
Change of the Sabbath to the First Day
Sabbatarians agree this includes the Ten Commands. Luke - The law and the prophets were until John. Since that time the kingdom of God has been preached So all the inspired writings that came before John the Baptist are summarized in the term "the law and the prophets. Luke - Jesus said that "all things must be fulfilled which were written in the Law of Moses and the Prophets and the Psalms concerning Me. Note that Moses writings are here called "the Law of Moses," but that includes everything Moses revealed from God, including the Ten Commands.
Acts - Paul confessed that He worshiped God according to "the Way" which they called a sect which is the gospel way , yet he still believed all things which are written in the Law and in the Prophets. So, he still believed everything in the Old Testament to be true.
#1. Today We Must Obey the New Testament Commands.
Acts - When the Jews came to Paul he testified of the kingdom of God, persuading them concerning Jesus from both the Law of Moses and the Prophets. As in verses above, Jesus fulfilled prophecies throughout the Old Testament. Rom - The righteousness of God is revealed in the gospel apart from the law, but is witnessed by the Law and the Prophets. Salvation by the gospel was prophesied in the Old Testament, so the law and the prophets become evidence why we should accept the gospel. So any passage that refers to "the law and the prophets" is referring to the entirety of Old Testament writings.
This would include specifically Moses' writings, which include the Ten Commands and the Sabbath.
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So the Ten Commands and the Sabbath are part of "the law and the prophets. God said tell the children of Israel , if they keep His covenant, they would be special to God above all people other people are not addressed.